New Experiences for Growing Vanilla in Peru
Juan Hernández Hernández
National Institute Forests,
Agricultural and Livestock Research (INIFAP)
In my brief presentation I will speak about the new experiences with vanilla cultivation in Peru, but mainly on the behavior of flowering and production under the climatic conditions of this South American country. The first plantation in Peru was established in 2011 with cuttings of Mexico, at a higher altitude than usual (1,124 m), since most of the vanilla crops in Mexico and other countries are below 700 m. New pests appeared as the mites, damaging to developing fruits not previously reported, but, the most interesting thing was the behavior of the flowering, the plants are continuously producing inflorescences, this way they have several blooms a year, but with greater intensity in the months of September to November as it normally occurs in the countries producing vanilla located in south latitudes. But in addition to this atypical phenomenon, which is not very common to observe in vanilla plants, is the production of multiple inflorescences; which is characterized that in the rachis of the main inflorescence sprout from one to seven lateral or secondary inflorescences, this characteristic being found in 10% of the plants. We will give information about this phenomenon and the advantages or disadvantages of producing vanilla in Peru.
Ing. Juan Hernández Hernández graduated in agronomy from University of Chapingo (state of México). Since 1997, he has worked as Researcher at the National Institute Forests, Agricultural and Livestock Research (INIFAP), belongs to the Ministry of Agriculture of México (SAGARPA). He has 20 years of experience in the area of agronomy, in particular in the vanilla cultivation (systems of production, pest and diseases). He has been invited to worldwide symposiums as a speaker on the subject and as a member of the organizing committee on vanilla conferences organized by Bakto Flavors. He has conducted workshops and seminars on vanilla in México, Costa Rica, Peru, Dominica and Nicaragua. In addition, he has visited plantations of vanilla in French Polynesia (Tahiti). He has written four book chapters on vanilla and is an author and co-author of several articles, handbook and conference communication related to vanilla, mainly in Spanish. Most recently, Ing. Hernández has been doing studies on the fruit drop problem in Mexico in order to know the cause and find some solutions.